Tracheitis : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Inflammatory disease of the trachea is called tracheitis. The disease can develop on its own or as a result of diseases of the upper respiratory tract: pharyngitis, laryngitis, rhinitis. The physician (otolaryngologist) is responsible for the treatment of tracheal ENT. For people it is common to suffer from tracheitis as well as acute respiratory disease in the cooler seasons: fall, winter, spring.
The causes of tracheitis
- One of the main causes of tracheitis is hypothermia. Vasospasm occurs respiratory mucosa. As a result of violation, the protective mechanisms are activated and pathogenic microorganisms are always present in the mucosa.
- Weakened immunity may be caused by frequent and long emerging infectious diseases, starvation, beriberi.
- Allergic reactions can lead to inflammatory processes in the trachea.
- External object, getting into trachea causes local inflammation development.
- Tobacco smoke causes strong irritant to the respiratory tract. In general, smoking greatly increases the risk of all respiratory infections.
- Alcohol especially in large quantities, depresses the immune system.
- Poor environment and air pollution affect the respiratory tract, causing irritation of the bronchi and trachea.
- Tracheitis often develops as a result of kidney disease, heart disease, emphysema.
Symptoms of tracheitis
Acute viral tracheitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- The main symptom of the disease is cough. Dry cough becomes wet with expectoration of sputum.
- Pain in cheat and in the interscapular area has thrust character and occurs during the fit of coughing .
- Violation of the general health, well-being. The body temperature rises to 38⁰C. Patient feels drowsiness, weakness, fatigue. Sometimes lymph nodes increases.
- Symptoms associated with the desease develop on the background of the underlying disease which was the cause for originating tracheitis. In such cases, the main signs may be nasal congestion, sore throat, sneezing .
- Symptoms of acute bacterial tracheitis do not differ substantially from the ones associated with the virus. During coughing the sputum with purulence is common. Often, there is respiratory failure and shortness of breath.
Individual treatment prescribed by a doctor (otolaryngologist) is based on symptoms and diagnostic results. Drugs include: antiinfective ones, antitussive medicine and expectorants. In some cases, anti-pyretic, anti-allergic, anti-viral drugs are need. Any medication should be taken only after prescribed and under the regular supervision.
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