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​Postpartum Contraception

Postpartum Contraception is a very topical issue for families who do not plan to children of the same age. Therefore, after the woman recovers after childbirth and will be ready to resume intimate life, effective methods to prevent unwanted pregnancies must be followed.

Postpartum Contraception

The methods of postpartum contraception include:

Lactational amenorrhea

This method is considered to be quite effective and it does not have contraindications, because it is based on natural family planning. The only rules  for the use of the lactational amenorrhea method are the following:

  • After giving birth there should not take more than six months.
  • Menstruation has not started yet.
  • The child is fed exclusively with breast milk(it was not yet introduced to solid foods or even water).
  • Feeding takes place every three hours. (At night the maximum break can last 6 hours).

Oral contraception

Not all means of ontaception are suitable for oral intake during postpartum period. There is a certain group of contraceptives, which include only one hormone (progestogen). Such medications can be taken within 6 weeks after birth, of course, pre-consultation with a gynecologist is required. These drugs do not have a negative impact on the female body, and the process of lactation. The disadvantage of the method is that the pill must be taken regularly at the same time that is problematic for many nursing mothers.

Barrier protective means

Usually a condom or diaphragm is used as a barrier method of contraception. These means do not affect the female body and the process of lactation, and can be combined with other methods of contraception.

Intrauterine device

IUD can be applied in six weeks after childbirth. This method of contraception can be for used five years, but if the family wants to have another child, the spiral can be removed. Before installing intrauterine device, you must:

  • Do a pelvic ultrasound.
  • Make smears checking the flora.
  • Consult with a gynecologist.

This method is contraindicated in case of inflammation of internal genital organs, abnormal development of the uterus,  uterine scar after cesarean section, and if there was an ectopic pregnancy.

Sterilization

The method of surgical sterilization is the only one that has 100% efficiency. During surgical sterilization uterus tubes are crossed of bandaged. This method is irreversible, so it is suitable only for those women who are convinced not to have more children, or when it is carried out under strict medical reasons, for example, 4 cesarean section.

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