IUD: Pros and Cons
Spiral intrauterine device (IUD) is an effective option for protection against unwanted pregnancy. However, it has its indications and contraindications.
UID: principles of usage and installation rules
IUD is a contraceptive device containing silver or copper for reducing the risk of inflammation and suppressing the activity of the sperm. This device prevents movement of sperm in the uterine cavity, prevents attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterine wall and reduces the period of its life.
The design of the UID can be T-shaped or semi-oval with spiky projections. Thin filaments are hanging in vagina from the ends of the spiral.
You can put a spiral on the fourth and seventh day of the menstrual cycle for a period of about five years. After this time it is necessary to remove the coil to prevent its incorporation into the body of the uterus. Otherwise, it may require surgery. For women with uterine spiral it is necessary to have a pelvic examination every year.
The installation of IUD lasts for about five minutes. During the week there can be confusing nagging pains and other discomfort in the lower abdomen. A week after installing the spiral woman can start leading sexual life.
Periodically check the thread spirals, which must maintain of a constant length throughout the entire wearing period. If the ends become shorter or longer, you should consult your gynecologist. Even if nothing is bothering you, and it seems like there is nothing to worry about, going for a check-up to your doctor every six months a year is necessary.
Installing a spiral: what you need to know?
- Intrauterine spiral does not protect against sexually transmitted infections. Furthermore, it creates favorable environment for the development of infectious diseases, as after the implantation of helix uterus is half-opened.It is especially not recommended to install UID for women who have had an inflammatory disease.
- In the absence of a regular sexual partner infections of female genital mutilation are likely to develop.
- Patients who have installed a spiral, often complain about long, heavy menstrual bleeding and pain.
- The most serious side effect of UID is its introduction into the uterus body. Because of this, there can develop infertility and the surgery will be needed to remove it.
- Wearing UID increases the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy.
- To avoid the negative consequences of the use of contraceptives, make sure to regularly visit the doctor.
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