Varicose During The Pregnancy
During pregnancy, woman's body is subjected to heavy loads, which can provoke the development of varicose veins. Varicose veins during pregnancy are characterized by chronic venous insufficiency. According to statistics, one out of four women suffer from varicose veins when being pregnant with the firstborn. Most often this disease affects the blood vessels of legs, but not uncommoly veins of groin and pelvic area suffer.
Causes of varicose veins during pregnancy
The main reason for the development of varicose veins during pregnancy is the failure of the venous valves that provide reverse blood flow from the bottom of the body to the heart. This occurs mainly due to the fact that during pregnancy the volume of blood increases and vessels and valves therefore experience a large load. In addition, hormonal changes among pregnant women as a result, decrease the tonus of vascular walls.
Individual factors influencing the development of varicose veins include intensively growing fetus, which, in some cases, can pinch blood vessels, contributing to blood stagnation.
Risk factors for varicose veins during pregnancy include:
- Heredity related to the insufficient work of the venous valves.
- The presence of multiple pregnancy.
- Large weight of fetus.
- Repeated pregnancy (risk of developing varicose veins during the second pregnancy increased by 60% aand by 80% during the third one) .
- Too intense weight gain by a pregnant woman.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Sharp change in climatic conditions.
Symptoms of varicose veins during pregnancy
- A feeling of heaviness and swelling of the feet in the evening.
- Cramps and pain in the calf muscles .
- Occurrence of deformation of the peripheral blood vessels (the occurance of nodules, enlarged veins and so on) .
- The above mentioned changes may occur with veins, which are located not only on the legs, but also in groin, in anus (hemorrhoids), sometimes in uterus and vagina.
Treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy
Sclerotherapy is most commonly used for the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy. It implies the introduction of special medicines into the veins. Operative surgeries during pregnancy are rare. If there is no harm to the life of the woman, the doctor prescribes conservative treatment in the form of compressive underwear, external ointments and creams, physical therapy, swimming, walking.
Recommendations of phlebologist
To reduce the risk of developing varicose veins during childbearing, a pregnant woman should following the recommendations below:
- Stick to routines.
- Eat in a right way not to gain weight rapidly.
- She should definitely include soups, cucumbers, celery, cranberries, seafood, cherry, grape juice to her meals as they contribute to the improvement of vascular tone.
- Shoes of the pregnant woman should be comfortable and should not have heels.
- She should move more.
- Mam should try to have a foot above the pelvis during the sleep.
- Pregnant woman should try to sleep on the left side of her body.
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