Hormones Analysis and Normal Characteristics
Hormones are biologically active substances that are produced in the body endocrine glands - the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, sex organs, pituitary, pancreas, and so on. In the blood, hormones at low levels when compared to the other elements of the blood, but they run a number of important biochemical processes, without which it is impossible to imagine the normal functioning of all organs and systems. They are responsible for reproduction, growth metabolism, development and so on.
Thus, for the normal functioning of the organism requires a certain combination of different hormones in the blood, which in a joint venture with the nervous system enable the body to function harmoniously. To determine the combination of hormones in modern medicine the laboratory analysis of hormones is used.
By analyzing hormones can identified a huge number of diseases. Results of the analysis on hormones help doctors in a short time to determine which systems or organs in a patient with impaired function or susceptible to pathological changes. To date, there are certain norms of hormones that mainly depend on age and gender. In women, hormone levels tend to naturally vary in different periods of life, such as during pregnancy, menopause or puberty. Such changes are not to be afraid and are normal. Abnormalities in other periods of life can speak of a serious illness and are a direct indication for consultation with a specialist.
Concentration of hormones in the blood depends on a variety of external factors, so before you take the analysis on hormones, you must consider the following factors:
- Donating analysis on hormones in the morning fasting.
- Unsubscribe from alcohol, smoking and heavy physical activity the day before the delivery of the analysis.
- Women analysis on a variety of hormones must be taken to different periods of the menstrual cycle, reported by the treating physician.
- Some individual recommendations can also give the treating physician.
Norms for Hormones and Their Characteristics
- Pituitary antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin) carries out the regulation of blood pressure and urinary excretion - the norm in serum osmolality my 285 / kg - 0-2 pg / ml and the osmolality whiter when my 290 / kg - 12.2 pg / ml.
- Growth hormone secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate the synthesis of proteins and is responsible for growth and development - the norm 0,2-13,0 mU / l.
- Follicle-stimulating hormone, which also secreted by the pituitary, and the effect on future fertility in women and men responsible for sperm production. The norm for women: during the follicular phase - 3.12 mIU / ml during ovulatory peak - 6-25 mIU / ml for luteal phase rate - 12.2 mIU / ml for menopause - 30-120 mIU / ml; the rate for men - 0,8-13 mIU / ml.
- Thyroid hormone affects the functioning of the pituitary thyroid rate 0.2 - 3.2 mIU / ml.
- Corticosteroids - this hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, they are responsible for normal blood sugar levels , fluid and electrolyte balance, muscle tone and blood pressure - rate 8.00 hours - 5-25 microns%, 20.00 hours - less than 10 microns%.
- Epinephrine - a hormone produced by the adrenal glands during times of stress - the rate of 17.5 + / - 1.6 ug / s (0,5-34,5 g / s).
- Aldosterone is responsible for the water-salt metabolism - the rate of 2-9 ng%; 56-250 pmol / l.
- Insulin regulates blood sugar levels - normal: 4-25 MKE / ml; 29-181 pmol / l.
- Thyroxine, produced by the thyroid gland and normalizes metabolism - normal: 50-113 ng / ml; 5-12% micrograms (mcg 11.4%); 65-156 nmol / L (51-142 nmol / L), depending on the method.
- Norepinephrine - antagonist adrenaline rate - 36,4 ± 6,6 g / s; (0-81,4 g / s).
- Glucagon, secreted by the pancreas, the rate -20-100 pg / ml.