Diagnosing Methods in Gynecology
Laboratory diagnosis gives gynecologist accurate knowledge about the state of health of the patient, the presence of genital infections and sexually transmitted diseases. The study of women's health allows you to put the correct diagnosis and adequate, effective treatments.
Primary Gynecological Examination
Inspection by a gynecologist is one of the most important stages of assessing the state of women's health. Initial examination of the patient is made on the gynecological chair physician with special mirrors. If necessary, appointed by colposcopic examination. Vaginoscopy - a diagnostic study of the entrance and walls of the vagina, the cervix, protruding into the vagina using a special instrument colposcope. This unit is a lighting-optical device , consisting of two parallel tubes joined together. They allow you to observe distant objects in a multiple increase. Admission also includes a gynecologist fence smear microflora, taking cell cytology and breast examination for the presence of seals and other possible defects.
In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy. Biopsy of the cervix - a surgical procedure aimed at taking a piece of tissue from the suspicious area for histological examination. This analysis is virtually painless and takes seconds. Anesthesia is not required. Performed by the gynecologist. After the procedure possible spotting and light nagging feeling in the abdomen, which passes through 1-2 days. Often a biopsy gives the attending gynecologist after the detection of deviations in the normal gynecological examination. Especially histological examination is necessary if the doctor has a suspicion of cancer cells. Also in case of a positive result for HPV and other malware infections, sexually transmitted infections, a biopsy may be assigned.
Laboratory and Instrumental Diagnostics
Diagnostics Methods of female genital organs are divided: for laboratory and instrumental. The laboratory examinations include: common urine, blood, blood Rh factor, determination of blood clotting (coagulation), a complex hormonal assays, detection of antibodies in blood, smear for viruses and infections linked immunosorbent assay blood, microbiological diagnosis, blood test for the presence of tumor markers, a pregnancy test.
Most common way to diagnose is ultrasound. In this method, the study uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of organs and tissues on the screen. For women, two methods of ultrasound. The first is called transabdominal: sensor is found on the lower abdomen. Performed with full bladder. The second way - Transvaginal: the vagina is introduced a special sensor. Performed with an empty bladder.
Today there are many opportunities to explore the female body and health. Diagnosis can accurately identify the problem and find the optimal individual treatment.