Lymphadenitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Lymphadenitis is an inflammatory, often purulent, a disease of the lymph nodes. As a rule, the localization of the disease is predominantly in the armpit or groin area.
The main cause of lymphadenitis - is the infection of the lymphatic system by different pyogenic microorganisms. Lymphadenitis may be purulent or purulent, have chronic or acute form. Sometimes purulent lymphadenitis may occur phlegmonous adenitis - foci of suppuration.
Most often this disease causes staph, sometimes it can be a causative agent of strep or other microorganisms. Note that any festering in the body, such as trophic ulcer, boils, erysipelas, and others can also cause the development of lymphadenopathy.
This disease is characterized by extensive symptoms, but the most common symptoms should be classified as: severe pain in the festering, a significant increase in body temperature, flushing, swelling. Later symptoms such as leukocytosis, chills, floating.
In modern medicine, the symptoms of this disease are divided into several types. For of inflammation in the lymph nodes characteristic common symptoms of inflammation. Lymphadenitis may be: fibrinous, serous, purulent and hemorrhagic.
For simple lymphadenitis characterized by the fact that the inflammatory process does not go beyond the lymph node, it proceeds in a capsule. If the disease takes a destructive form, the inflammation can spread to other tissues and to give serious complications.
Leakage acute nonspecific lymphadenitis manifested in an increase of the lymph nodes and painful sensations when pressing on them. Also, the disease process may be accompanied by headache, malaise, general weakness, inflammation of the lymphatic vessels. If not treated at an early stage, it is possible to develop periadenitis that triggers pronounced pain, wearing a sharp character, flushing of the skin, stiffness of the lymph nodes.
Chronic lymphadenitis may have a protracted course and wearing productive. As a rule, this disease does not go into purulent, with symptoms of chronic nonspecific lymphadenitis following: an increase in the lymph nodes, slight pain on palpation, in rare cases does an overgrowth of connective tissue, and disruption of the functioning of the lymphatic system, manifested swelling.
Specific lymphadenitis, are those pathogens that cause tuberculosis, syphilis, and other serious diseases. For this type of disease is characterized by: a high fever, fistula formation, a significant increase in lymph nodes.
Usually lymphadenitis treatment depends on the stage of the disease, as in the initial stages is sufficient to conservative treatment: Abscess, drainage, UHF, rest, diet, antibiotic therapy . For suppurative lymphadenitis is advisable to use surgical intervention, which opened in abscesses, removes pus draining wound exposed.
Chronic lymphadenitis treated using the therapy of the underlying disease, which has become a breeding ground for infection and gave complication of chronic lymphadenitis. Treatment is complicated enough specific lymphadenitis, since it depends on the degree of involvement of other organs. Treatment can last more than a year.