Hernias: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis
Hernia is a serious disease in which the internal organs occupy an atypical position and go under the skin. Such a shift occurs due to weaknesses or holes in the abdominal wall, and the shell body is not damaged. Hole which is formed in the abdominal wall is called "hernial" and inner shells are called hernia "hernial sac".
Hernias today are quite common pathology, which is more common in men and children.
Causes of Hernia
There are a number of reasons, which can cause the occurrence of hernia, these include:
- Genetic predisposition or susceptibility due to the constitution of the body structure.
- Increase internal abdominal pressure, for example, due to physical exertion, cough, and so on.
- Hernias can occur as a result of stretching the walls of the abdomen after pregnancy.
- Obesity leads to stretching and relaxation of the walls of the abdomen and can cause a hernia.
- Age features - the elderly and children with weakened abdominal cavity.
- Heavy physical work, lifting weights.
- Difficulty urinating.
- Frequent constipation (straining can cause a hernia.)
- Some previously deferred disease.
Symptoms of Hernia
- Discomfort in herniation. In the supine position discomfort may disappear.
- Dull is not a sharp pain, if a hernia in the early stages. Pain can be acute, then hernia becomes dangerous and requires immediate surgery.
- Swelling in herniation, which in the initial stages can be seen during any physical stress - cough, weight lifting, inflating the abdomen.
- Pain hernia may have wider range, perhaps even the occurrence of nausea and vomiting reflex. Even with insignificant manifestation listed above symptoms should immediately contact a doctor, because ignoring this disease can lead to serious complications and even death.
Usually hernia is diagnosed easily enough during examination of the patient. But in some cases, a doctor may prescribe additional tests, such as for example:
- Complete blood test, the results of which may be an indication for hospital treatment.
- Hernia ultrasound performed in order to determine which body was inside the hernia sac.
- Laparoscopy rarely appointed to for examination of internal organs with a tiny camera.