Types of Surgery
Today there are many options for sparing surgery in the human body. Thanks to the development of medicine treatment is painless, quick, with little loss of blood and lack of postoperative complications. Everyone should know what direction surgery exist today, where surgery is needed and postoperative consequences. This knowledge helps to choose the right medical treatment and method for the recovery of the body.
Surgeon is a physician who deals with surgical treatment of diseases. Surgery is practiced in various areas of medicine (cardiology, neurology, dentistry, urology, gynecology and others).
When Surgery Is Necessary
Surgery is done when other treatments not damaging the integrity of the tissue are not effective. The competence of the surgeon includes treatment: inflammatory diseases of internal organs and soft tissue necrosis of different origin, benign and malignant tumors, diseases of parasitic type of malformations of the body and organs, injuries and contact with foreign objects in the tissue of human internal organs, as well as organ transplants. Surgical intervention may be subject to any human authority, if that is relevant evidence.
Regarding types of surgery, it can be divided into two broad categories: planned and emergency.
- Planned provides such operations: organ transplants, plastic surgery (holding cosmetic changes) that is, it is the actions that are planned in advance. During routine treatment the major risk to life and health of the patient does not arise.
- Emergency surgery provides urgent surgical intervention. These operations are carried out in a short time without prior preparation of the patient, that is, immediately after his admission to the hospital. Causes of an emergency operations may be: severe injuries, car accidents, cardiac arrest, traumatic brain injury, loss of blood and other incidents in which solved the problem of life and death. Procrastination is unacceptable.
- Allocate specialized and general surgery. A general surgeon is engaged in operations in various organs. These professionals often work in a hospital intensive care ambulance.
Specialized surgery treats certain parts of the body and internal organs. It includes such areas:
- plastic surgery,
- maxillofacial surgery,
- gynecological surgery, and others.
There’s such separate direction as pediatric surgery. This is due to the fact that the child's body is different from an adult. When treating a child is taken into account a number of features of the growing organism.
There are as much species of surgery as methods of effective treatment of various diseases. Most importantly do not put off a visit to the doctor if you are worried. Early identification of the problem makes solving it way easier.