Alveolitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Alveolitis is an inflammatory disease of well walls which occurs after tooth extraction. This disease has only acute form, that may damage the wells and cause other gum problems.
Cuases of alveolitis
The main reason of the global nature is the removal of the tooth. Under normal circumstances, the wells in place torn tooth should be tightened in about two or three days, at the same time, severe pain after tooth extraction should subside per day. But if in the place of tooth extraction there has not been formed a blood clot or a shift takes place, there may develop alveolitis.
One reason for not clot formation may be a violation after the operation mode. For example, frequent and intense mouthwash with various drugs. As a result of such manipulations, there can be offset bunch and exposure of the wound, which becomes infected.
It often happens that the wound infection was due to adjacent teeth, decayed, or due to improper oral hygiene.
Symptoms of Alveolitis
- After removal of the tooth there is no pain
- Acute pain relapsed resuming the third to fifth day after the surgery.
- Increased pain because of infection.
- Increase in body temperature to subfebrile.
- Sensitivity of adjacent teeth, especially hot water.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Excessive salivation.
- Lack of appetite.
- General fatigue.
Treatment of alveolitis
Treatment of alveolitis is based on the elimination of infection. But we should not forget that you can simply eliminate the infection can be quite quickly with the help of antibiotic therapy and anti-inflammatory drugs. However, it is important to identify the reason for occurrence of alveolitis and fix it because it has high likelihood of relapse.
In addition to eliminating, the source of infection, your doctor may carry out mechanical cleaning of contaminated wells, which resulted in, removes pus and washing of the wound. The next stage of treatment is to eliminate pain using analgesics, for example. After that, the recommended anesthetic lotion should be used several times a day until the healing of the wound is complete.
- The main recommendation is to take preventive measures to prevent alveolitis. As a rule, in this disease all preventive measures are aimed at the process of extraction. First of all, we should trust this surgical procedure to only qualified professionals with extensive practical experience.
- Important role in the prevention of alveolitis plays strict adherence to doctor's instructions after surgery. That doctor may recommend rinsing the number and concentration of the solution for these procedures, and so on.
- Do not forget to treat dental problems to avoid the source of infection.