Gum Disease Overview
Gum disease is an infection of bones and tissues which support your teeth. It's also known as periodontal disease.
You will find two kinds:
- Gingivitis is moderate gum disease that changes just the gums - soft tissue around the teeth.
- Periodontitis is more serious. It distributes under the gums to destroy the bone and tissues.
What's Causing It?
The development of germs and gums causes gum disease. Bacteria are found in plaque - a sticky, clear material your mouth creates.
The bacteria in it lives on foods and drinks you consume and make toxins and other substances. They irritate the gums, they bleed easily if brushed and swell.
After certain time plaque may harden into a build-up known as calculus or tartar. This makes gums to pull from your teeth and irritates them.
You're more prone to get if you:
- Don't clean your teeth nicely at home and don't get routine dental cleanings.
- Chewing or smoking tobacco. People that use tobacco are substantially more inclined to get this disease than those that do not. There is also worse gum disease that is difficult to treat and results in tooth loss.
- Having gum disorder in your family.
- Having a difficulty that weakens your immune system, including a disorder or a high pressure degree like leukemia, or diabetes, AIDS.
- Eating a diet that's low in minerals and vitamins, which may weaken your immune, or high in carbohydrates and sugary foods, which help plaque grow.
What Are The Symptoms?
Healthy gums are pink and firm, fit snugly and don't bleed readily. Gingivitis makes them:
- Swollen, tender and red.
- Bleed during flossing or brushing.
Gingivitis generally isn't painless, so you may not get the treatment and may not see the symptoms.
The periodontitis symptoms are:
- Gums pulling away from he teeth.
- Very bad breath that doesn't go away.
- Pus from your gums.
- A change in how teeth fit.
- Loose teeth.
See your dentist immediately, if you believe you've got gum disease. Early treatment may keep it from getting more serious.
How Is It Diagnosed?
To see if you've got gum disease, dental hygienist or dentist will examine you to look for:
- Bleeding gums.
- Tough accumulations of tartar and plaque below the gums.
- Places where they are shrinking or pulling away from your teeth.
- Pockets between teeth and gums.
Dentist may take X rays of the teeth for other issues.
How It's Treated?
Early treatment is essential. It can help prevent losing teeth , and prevent irreversible gum damage, control disease. For treatment:
- Brush the teeth 2x a day and floss once a day.
- See the dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups.
- Do not use any tobacco products.
For periodontitis, your teeth may clean using a procedure called scaling and root planing. This removes plaque above and below.
You will need surgery for those who have serious damage to the gums or teeth or if these treatments do not control the disease. Operation choices include:
- Gingivectomy to eliminate the pockets between gums and teeth .
- A flap process to clean the roots of repair bone damage and a tooth.
- Extraction to remove really damaged or loose teeth.
After operation, you may have to take other medications or antibiotics to help healing preventing disease.
After treatment, keep your mouth clean by flossing and brushing to prevent plaque build-up. The dentist will prescribe a mouthwash.
How To Prevent It?
Gum disease mostly happens in in adults, but anyone, even kids can be affected by it. So great dental habits are significant in your life:
- Brush your teeth 2x a day, before sleeping and each morning.
- Floss once daily.
- See the dentist for checkups and cleaning.
- Do not use tobacco.
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