Herpes Of The Eyes (Ophthalmoherpes) And Its Treatment
Ophthalmoherpes is one of the most frequent causes of pathological changes in the organs of vision. Ophthalmoherpes is mainly caused by herpes of the first type, but does not exclude the second type herpes (genital herpes), which also can cause eye disease.
Causes of oftalmoherpes
Oftalmoherpes is the immune response to penetrationof viral infection into the body. After penetration into the tissue of the eye, herpes virus begins to actively replicate in cells of the corneal epithelium, which subsequently can lead to necrosis, degeneration and sloughing of the affected cells. The main factors, which cause the it include:
- State of constant stress.
Symptoms of oftalmoherpes
There are two types of herpetic eye disease:
- Surface herpes (affects the anterior eye), which can manifest itself in the form of conjunctivitis, blepharoconjunctivitis, keratitis, episcleritis. After the treatment, the virus activity subsides, but any adverse factors may lead toits active form.
- Deep herpes lesion with posterior eye. It is characterized by manifestations of pathologies such as chorioretinitis, optic neuritis, retinohorioidit of newborns, central serous retinopathy, acute retinal necrosis syndrome. With the defeat of deep tissue the damage of cells, followed by necrosis and inflammation, occurs.
Treatment of ophthalmic herpes
- The main goal of the treatment of herpes of the eyes is the releif of the damaged areas, which the skin and mucous membranes were subjected to. For this purpose, it is necassary to use local antiviral and antiseptic. When the rash starts to fade away, for the early recovery of affected areas there sould be used antiviral drugs in the form of pills combined with vitamins A, E and C.
- It should also be noted that antiviral drugs must be used in combination with interferons.
- If a disease is associated with secondary bacterial infection, anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Nimesil, Indometatsil should be taken. For topical treatment Medovir, Viroleks and Acyclovir are prescribed. These drugs are effective when applied specifically to the affected skin, as they inhibit the activity of the virus and accelerate the process of regeneration.
- The recurrent forms of ophthalmic herpes are usually treated with the following pills: Viroles, Valtsiklovir, Zovirax, Acyclovi . To enhance immunity, ill people are advised to take immunomodulators.
An important aspect of the prevention of recurrence of the disease is prophylaxis. To date, the only preventive measure is vaccination. To increase the effectiveness of vaccination, it is recommended to combine it with the use of interferonogens (Amiksin, Tsikloferon, Poludanom).
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