The Most Common Diseases of Rheumatology
By definition, rheumatology is a medical industry that deals with the study of rheumatic diseases. They are ranked as the diseases of the joints and connective tissue.
Rheumatic fever - is a systemic connective tissue disease that affects the joints and cardiovascular system. Characterized by frequent relapses. Cause of the disease are infectious streptococci, genetic predisposition, allergies. The development of rheumatic diseases is closely related with the prior infection of the nasopharynx, which leads to angina, pharyngitis, rhinitis, scarlet fever.
Main risk for a given disease is cardiovascular system. On the background of developing rheumatic heart disease (myocarditis). Rheumatism does not entail a persistent change in the joints. Disease can escalate several times a year.
Rheumatism engaged rheumatologist doctor individually. During an exacerbation of the disease must be observed bed mode, keep the room temperature stable 19 - 20 ° C and dry air.
Prevention of rheumatic fever is to take sports, hardening, communicable disease control, correct and timely diagnosis of acute diseases of the nasopharynx, as well as the treatment of early stages.
By the development of rheumatic fever are two main reason: infectious colds and the presence of abscess in the body (patients tonsils, rotting teeth, and others).
Diseases That Are Treated By Rheumatologist
Rheumatic diseases are uncommon, but their range is quite extensive. These include many chronic and autoimmune diseases:
- Reactive, rheumatoid, gouty arthritis, psoriatic arthritis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Ankylosing Spondylitis
- Systemic scleroderma
- Raynaud's phenomenon
- Systemic scleroderma
- Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- Dermatomyositis and polymyositis
- Erythema nodosum
- Acute rheumatic fever
- Rheumatic heart disease, expressed in the chronic form
Rheumatology Disease Treatment
In the active phase of the disease, the patient should strictly comply with bed rest preferably in a hospital setting. Motor activity is allowed gradually as remission of rheumatic process. Patient food should be varied and rich in protein.
To treat rheumatism use such drugs: penicillin antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (naproxen, diclofenac), glucocorticoids (dexamethasone, prednisolone), gamma globulin (stimulate specific protective forces of an organism), immunosuppressants. In chronic inflammation of the joints drugs administered intra-articularly.
Integral part of the complex therapy is physical therapy treatments for rheumatism. Pain in joints can be used: iontophoresis, ultraviolet, infrared warming lamp, paraffin baths. UHF (exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields).
During the active phase of rheumatic process is advised to massage legs to improve circulation.
Rheumatology diseases are often chronic. Successful treatment of these diseases depends on the timely treatment to the doctor rheumatologist.