Cardiovascular diseases include a number of abnormalities of the heart and blood vessels, as well as the conditions under which substantially impair their functioning.
The most common cardiovascular diseases include
Coronary heart disease
This pathology is the atherosclerotic seal, due to which there occurs narrowing of the arteries that provide nutrients and oxygen to the heart.
Heart Rhythm Disturbances
This pathology is characterized by abnormal or irregular heartbeat, ie fibrillation. Arrhythmia or dysrhythmia is manifested in a significant change in heart rate, in its acceleration, or, conversely, slowing.
Heart failure is characterized by poor, inadequate pumping of blood. In other words, due to the influence of some factors, the heart ceases to function normally. The most dangerous state is acute heart failure, which is the cause of high mortality in our country and abroad.
Heart defects are pathological changes in the anatomical structure of the heart, which can significantly affect their operation. The most common heart defects include aortic stenosis, mitral valve prolapse and mitral valve insufficiency.
Congenital heart disease
Congenital malformations of the heart include one or more structures of the heart and blood vessels that occur before birth, ie they are genetically occur as a result of the influence of negative factors during fetal development.
According to statistics, about eight thousand of children from newborns are born with a heart defect, while, for some of them this pathology manifests only at puberty.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, resulting in the seal and decrease of its ability to pump blood. If such conditions are not treated, then sooner or later it will end with heart failure and heart rhythm disturbances.
The disease is infectious. It is an inflammation of the lining that surrounds the heart.
Marfan syndrome and diseases of the aorta
Aorta is the largest artery in the body, which comes from the heart and carries blood to all organs and tissues. Diseases that are expanding or delaminate aorta (lead to it rupture) include the following ones:
- Seal of the aorta or atherosclerosis.
- Marfan syndrome (genetically determined pathology).
- Scleroderma, polycystic kidney disease, Turner syndrome, osteogenesis imperfecta and other systemic diseases of connective tissue, which may have a negative effect on the density of the blood vessel walls.