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What is alcoholism

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Alcoholism is a disease that experts attribute to one of the types of substance abuse. For alcoholism is characterized by a pathological addiction to alcohol, followed by physical and psychological dependence. As a rule, alcoholism entails physical and mental disorders, social behavior, and so on.

What is alcoholism

Causes of alcoholism

Several factors:

  • the frequency of alcohol consumption.
  • The amount of drinking.
  • The individual organism.
  • Social environment.
  • Psychoemotional predisposition.
  • genetic predisposition.

The developmental stages of alcoholism

Alcoholism can be divided into several stages, each characterized by its own characteristics. Allocate the following stages of alcohol dependence:

the prodromal stage or zero stage of alcoholism

During this period the disease has not yet emerged, but in a person's life is already present inebriety. A person begins to drink alcohol often, usually in the company, but to the loss of memory is rarely drunk. It should be noted that at this stage is easy enough to completely stop drinking, since neither psychological nor physical dependence has not yet emerged. If at this stage continue to consume alcohol daily, then in six months - a year almost always comes first stage of alcoholism.

The first phase of

the first stage characteristic is that often a person starts to feel an irresistible urge to consume alcohol. If you are unable to drink alcohol, desire a little dull, but at the first opportunity to have a drink, a person loses control on the amount of alcohol drunk.

At this stage, no alcohol can cause a person severe irritability, aggression, during use can be a complete loss of memory. Person ceases to be critical of intoxication and justify each case of booze. For the final phase of the first stage is characterized by the fact that a person is growing tolerance of alcohol, a dose increase.

The second stage of

the second stage of tolerance of alcohol greatly increases. There may be a withdrawal syndrome, weaken self-control, craving for alcohol increases. Even after the patient drinks a small amount of alcohol, he loses control and drinks each time more and more. In a state of intoxication may behave inappropriately for themselves and for others. You may experience hallucinations.

The third step

at this stage is characterized by the fall of tolerance to alcohol. Alcohol consumption becomes a daily ritual. There is a significant degradation of the individual and serious irreversible mental changes. In the third step may cause various diseases related to alcoholism, such as alcoholic encephalopathy, alcoholic hepatitis and others. Binges.

Clinical signs of alcoholism

  • When very large amounts of alcohol, there is no gag reflex.
  • Lack of control over drunk.
  • Partial retrograde amnesia, that is memory loss.
  • The presence of a "hangover" that is, withdrawal symptoms.
  • Heavily.

Alcohol Treatment

Like any pathological addiction, alcohol dependence is very difficult to treat. As a rule, alcoholism treated in special rehabilitation centers and medical institutions where patients provide comprehensive therapy. Alcohol Treatment mainly involves:

  • drug therapy, which aims to eliminate intoxication.
  • Psychological rehabilitation, ie psychologists help the patient understand the problem, identify its causes and begin to deal with addiction.
  • The rehabilitation work aimed at socializing the patient.

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