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Concussion Symptoms and Treatment

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Concussion of the brain is a sharp shift of the brain followed by its hitting on cranial bone. Despite the fact that the brain is surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid, which protects it from external negative factors and concussion, often the serious damage to the gray matter is not diagnosed after the concussion, yet even after if it is slight, some functions of the brain may be violated.

Concussion Symptoms and Treatment

Concussion of the brain: the degree

In medicine concussion is divided into three major stages depending on severity:

  1. Mild concussion. After an injury the victim doen not lost consciousness and continues to feel in a relatively normal way.
  2. The average degree of concussion. Short-term loss of consciousness, no more than for 15 minutes, is possible. A violation of some of the functions of the brain can occur. Hospitalization is necessary.
  3. Severe concussion. Typically, it is cahrachterized by the prolonged loss of consciousness, much of the brain function is affected. In case it happeans, immediate medical attention ir required.

Symptoms of concussion

Concussion of the brain may be accompanied by some injuries, including falling even from a small height. Signs of concussion:

  • Headache that is localized directly at the site of injury. The pain may persist for several days.
  • Trembling, unusual eye movement, instability and lack of coordination.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Confusion.
  • Dizziness.
  • Loss of balance.
  • Change in breathing and heart rate.
  • Ripples in the eyes.
  • Feeling of "pins and needles" in the body.
  • Skin becomes pale.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Apathy.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Short-term memory loss.
  • Inadequate response to external stimulations. For example, the panic fear of noise or light.
  • The occurrence of seizures.

First aid in case of concussion

If after a head injury (contusion, falling from height, stroke), there is a suspicion of a possible concussion, you must:

  • Apply ice wrapped in a towel  to the injured area for fifteen minutes.
  • If the patient is conscious, help him to get up and take a comfortable position before the arrival of the doctor.
  • If the patient is unconscious, put him on one of his sides to prevent choking or ceasing of the tounge.
  • Call the emergency.

How to treat concussion

  • Mild concussion does not require special treatment. For more complex forms and vivid symptoms, you must:
  • Take rest in bed for one to three weeks, sometimes months, until the function of the brain is restored.
  • Limitat external stimus, such as noise, light, quit reading and watching TV.
  • Sometimes medical drugs, such as sedatives, painkillers and the ones that are called to eliminate nausea and the drugs to improve blood circulation areprescribed.
  • Massage and physiotherapy will help to speed up the healing process.

Possible consequences of concussion

Typically, after concussion the effects occur quite rarely, typically in about one to two percent of cases. But, nevertheless, it should be remembered that improper treatment, failure to comply with bed rest and non-medical care, can lead to the following negative consequences:

  • Migraine, dizziness.
  • Memory impairment.
  • Impaired concentration.
  • Violation of logic.
  • Sensitivity to external stimulations, such as sound or light.
  • Sleep disturbance.

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