Zinc: Why It’s Needed
Macro element zinc (Zn) directs, supervises and regulates all processes in the body and supports the cells and enzyme systems necessary for protein synthesis.
Much of this macro element is lost when the food is being cooked. Poor zinc can be grown in soils with low nutrient content.
The human body contains 1.5-2 grams of the chemical in total. The highest concentration is in the liver, skin (epidermis), the muscles of the prostate gland.
Zinc Daily Requirement
- Younger children: 3-5 mg.
- Adolescent children: 8-12 mg.
- Adults: 12 mg.
Demand for zinc increases when:
- with abundant perspiration,
- in sporting activities;
- preschool children, malnourished,
- in patients with chronic severe diseases,
- people who use drugs or alcohol,
- with frequent or prolonged stress,
- people who have suffered burns, trauma, surgical surgery;
- in humans, long-receiving diuretics,
- in people suffering from chronic diarrhea.
How Zinc Affects the Body
Zinc is a component of more than two enzymes that are involved in the different exchange reactions, including the synthesis and decomposition of nucleic acids (primary genetic material), proteins, fats, carbohydrates.
This macro element is part of the pancreatic gland hormone insulin, which is important for the regulation of blood sugar levels.
Zinc is involved in the growth and human development. It is necessary for puberty and procreation.
This trace mineral is important in the formation of the skeleton.
It is necessary for the proper functioning of the immune system involved in the fight against infectious diseases and cancers.
Zinc has antitoxic and anti-viral properties.
To maintain healthy skin, hair and nails need zinc. It provides an opportunity to smell and taste.
Zinc is part of an enzyme that oxidizes and eliminates alcohol.
Zinc along with vitamins E and C, selenium is active as an antioxidant
Sources of Zinc
Body needs for zinc are satisfied mainly with animal food. Of such products, this trace element is easier to digest than vegetable.
The greatest quantity of zinc is found in oysters.
Zinc-rich foods are liver (kidney, liver, tongue, heart, lungs), as well as fish, eggs, cheese.
Plant products contain zinc in legumes, mushrooms, bran, seeds, sesame, grass, pine nuts.
Yeast is also a source of zinc.
Zinc absorption in the small intestine is an overabundance of acid salts of vegetable origin. Therefore, in countries where the predominant plant foods, often there’s a zinc deficiency.
Worth knowing that zinc deficiency may occur when you use mostly plant foods. An excessive amount hinders the absorption of iron, zinc and copper.
- The 7 Lost Nutrients in Your Daily Diet
- Sleep Supplements: Valerian, Melatonin, and Others
- Hand Washing and Zinc Might Ward Off Colds