Sodium: Important and Recommended
Sodium (Na) - macro element is important for the healthy functioning of the body. Sodium is quite common in the human body and is found mainly in the extracellular fluid. Along with this potassium this macrocell provides fluid balance in the body, preventing it from dehydration.
Vitamins K and D improve the absorption of sodium, potassium and chlorine and conversely slow.
Sodium excreted in urine in healthy body in virtually the same amount and in which arrives.
When excess sodium content in the body it can neutralize the additional administration of potassium.
Sodium Daily Requirement
- Younger children: 200-500 mg.
- Adolescent children: 700-1300 mg.
- Adults: 1300 mg.
Need of used sodium increases with:
- excessive sweating;
- extensive burns,
- increased consumption of water
- receiving diuretics,
- strong physical stress,
- adrenal insufficiency,
- severe diarrhea or vomiting.
Reducing consumption of salt (sodium) is recommended when:
- hypertension, rheumatism, obesity, allergies,
- purulent processes in the lung, bone fractures,
- pancreatic diseases gland, liver, kidney, some diseases of the stomach,
- taking hormones.
Sodium Benefits for the Body
Together with potassium and sodium chlorite it is involved in the regulation of water-salt metabolism.
It supports optimal balance of extracellular fluids and tissue in the body.
Supports constant osmotic pressure level.
Involved in the neutralization of acids, creating acid-alkaline balance in conjunction with calcium, magnesium and potassium.
Sodium is involved in the mechanism of muscle contraction and blood pressure regulation.
This macrocell supports normal heartbeat, gives tissues endurance.
Sodium is important for the digestive and excretory systems. It helps to regulate the transfer of nutrients in every cell.
Sources of Sodium
In 80% the source of sodium is salt contained in food or pure form. In addition to the sodium salt can be found in celery, red beet, sea cabbage, carrots, kidney, beef, seafood.