Vitamin B1: Where Its Contained
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) is dissolved in water. It is easily destroyed in an alkaline medium by the heat treatment. Thiamine plays a significant role in the metabolism of carbohydrates in the body.
Vitamin B1 gets in the body mainly from plant foods. It’s synthesized by the colon microflora.
Plant and Animal Sources of Vitamin B1
Thiamine is mostly found in buckwheat and oatmeal, nuts, peas, pork fat.
- Meat, poultry, liver, egg yolk, fish.
- Bakery products, wholemeal.
- Whole grains: rice bran, raw rice, wheat germ, field mustard.
- Green vegetables: Brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus.
- Legumes: peas, beans, lentils.
- Nuts, raisins, prunes.
- Oranges, plums, rose hips.
- Berries blackcurrant, strawberry , blueberry, buckthorn.
- Brewer's yeast, seaweed (kelp, spirulina).
- Herbs: sage, peppermint, parsley, raspberry leaf, sorrel, chamomile, burdock root, cayenne pepper, oat straw, nettle.
Hypovitaminosis of Vitamin B1 Symptoms
The primary characteristics of the lack of vitamin B1 in the body are factors in the nervous, digestive, cardiovascular systems.
- Depression, tearfulness, anxiety, irritability, and insomnia.
- Brain function: memory loss, lack of coordination, increased mental and physical fatigue.
- Numbness of hands, feet, pain, itching.
- Loss of appetite, weight loss.
- Nausea, constipation, diarrhea.
- Burning sensation or heaviness in the epigastric region, enlargement of the liver.
- Tachycardia, hypotension.
- Breathlessness in intensive and even minor exertion.
- Acute stage of cardiovascular disease in late diagnosis or treatment.
According to statistics, 25% of AIDS patients are deficient in thiamine. A chronic deficiency of vitamin B1 in these patients leads to weight loss, anorexia, appearance of different neurological symptoms.