Types Of Scars And The Ways Of Their Removal
Scars on the skin do not only indicate cosmetic defect, but for many people, the presence of scars is associated with serious psychological discomfort, which can adversely affect many areas of life that is from personal life to the ability to get a job. But, fortunately, today medicine in combination with cosmetology offers a wide range of methods that can help get rid of the "stigma" that prevents one from living a full happy life effectively.
Methods of removing various types of scars
Method №1: silicone coated
Types of scars: This method is suitable for the removal of keloid scars and raised scars.
Action: On the surface of the skin where the scar is located a special plate made of hypoallergenic silicone is applied. It is fixed surgically. Under the influence of oxygen starvation of tissues, occlusive layer and friction of the silicone coating, there is a decrease in the convexity of the scar. This process lasts from several weeks to several months. Among the side effects you may experience itching from time to time.
The method №2: Medicinal ointment
Types of scars: Stretch marks, small shallow scars.
Action: Due to medicinal ointments components, such as hormones, extract from onion skins and other things, you can make scars lighter and flat. Before the appearance of visible results it may take a few months and you should use ointments regularly. But we should remember that these ointments should be prescribed by a doctor, as incorrectly selected drug can only exacerbate the problem.
Method №3: Microdermabrasion
Types of scars: Convex or slightly depressed scars such as acne scars.
Action: As a result of the method of microdermabrasion, grinding epidermis occurs, making convex scars to reach meld with skin surface, and deep scars become less deep and visible. Contraindication to this procedure include too sensitive skin.
Method №4: Therapy with laser
Types od scars: Convex large scars, pigmented scars.
Action: As a rule, a laser to remove the scar tissue is used in combination with microdermabrasion. During the drocedure a laser destroys overgrown scar tissue excessively and makes it reach the level of the surface of the skin. This procedure resulted in small vessels to become glued so that the surface of the scar stops receiving power, thus its destruction occurs. The process of skin resurfacing treatment that removes dead skin cells and smoothes the skin is completed.
Method №5: Surgical excision
Types of scars: Long and wide scars are located on the protruding areas.
Action: The surgeon removes the scar tissue and connects the healthy edge with a thin line using plastic weld. After that, in the area of a large scar there remains thin line, which eventually can be removed using other methods, such as laser.
The method №6: Cortisone injections
Types of scars: enlarged, bulging scars.
Action: In the scar tissue a dose of cortisone, ie hormonal preparation that reduces collagen synthesis and performs antiinflammatory action, is injected. Cortisone has the following impact on scar tissue: after a while the surface of the scar shrinks, becomes flat and less visible.
The method №7: Cryotherapy
Types of scars: Overgrown and raised scars.
Action: The connective tissue is exposured to cold, so the scar tissue cells die. This method is used several times, until the scar completely disappeares.
The method №8: Filling
Forms scars: Recessed scars.
Action: The principle of the method is to apply the same drugs that are used to increase the volume of lips, or for smoothing wrinkles, for instance. Medicine administered recess scar collagen, whereby scar becomes "filled" and reverts back to the level of skin surface. For maintenance procedure should be repeated every few months, as the collagen tends to dissolve.
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