Gambling Is Not Similar To Drug Addiction Or Alcoholism
Gambling is very popular. Thus, about 70% of Britons sometimes play these games. Approximately 0.6% of adults in the UK can not control the process of the game, thus being gamers.
In a new study by British scientists took part 14 gamers and 15 healthy people. The researchers used positron emission tomography (PET) to measure the level of opioid receptors in the brain of volunteers. These receptors are involved in cell interactions. They are combined with endogenous opioids (endorphins) in the way the lock and key is.
Scientists have found no difference in the number of receptors of volunteers dependent on gambling and healthy ones. This surprised them, as, for example, people addicted to alcohol and drugs usually have more opioid receptors than people who do not suffer from these addictions. Then the volunteers were given amphetamine, that caused the production of endorphins, and then PET was repeated for them.
Scan showed that the level of endorphins in the gamers bodies was lower than in the bodies of healthy people. In addition, gamers experienced less euphoria from the high content of endorphins than healthy volunteers did. The researchers hope that their findings will help to develop new treatments for gambling.